[鼓浪屿申遗成功]_申遗成功后 鼓浪屿、可可西里成新兴旅游目的地 The Gulangyu Islet World Heritage]_ inscription after the success of Gulangyu Islet, Hoh Xil into emerging tourism destinations-来灯自由论坛



第41届世界遗产大会关于34项提名遗产地的审议工作全部结束,共有25处遗产地被列入最新的《世界遗产名录》,其中包括5处自然遗产,20处文化遗产。至此,《世界遗产名录》收录的全球世界遗产总数达到1077项,其中自然遗产208项,文化遗产834项,混合遗产35项目。意大利以53项遗产地位列世界遗产总数第一,中国以52项位列第二。在本届的世界遗产大会新增名录中,中国的可可西里和鼓浪屿也加入其中,申遗成功后,这两地的游客数量也将迎来增长。对于旅行爱好者而言,鼓浪屿一直是国内著名的旅游景点,人气居高不下,而可可西里受西北旅游热度上升的影响,也受到不少游客的追捧。

2009年8月12日,青海省可可西里保护区的藏野驴在草地觅食。图片来源:视觉中国

【自然遗产】中国:青海可可西里Qinghai Hoh Xil, China

青海可可西里国家级自然保护区位于青海省玉树藏族自治州西部,总面积450万公顷。是21世纪初世界上原始生态环境保存较好的自然保护区,也是中国建成的面积最大,海拔最高,野生动物资源最为丰富的自然保护区之一。这里又被称为无人区,平均在海拔5000m左右,气候干燥寒冷,严重缺氧和缺淡水,环境险恶,令人望而生畏。因此也被称作生命的禁区”。

青海可可西里国家级自然保护区主要是保护藏羚羊、野牦牛、藏野驴、藏原羚等珍稀野生动物、植物及其栖息环境。2014年11月,青海可可西里申报世界自然遗产工作启动。2017年7月7日,世界遗产委员会各成员国代表经过审议,认为青海省可可西里以其突出的价值、符合成为世界遗产的第7条“无与伦比的自然现象或自然美景或审美价值”和第10条“生物多样性和濒危物种”的标准,一致同意将其列入世界遗产名录。至此,青藏高原第1项、我国第12项世界自然遗产花落青海。

国际自然保护联盟在评估报告中说,可可西里一望无垠,几乎没有受到现代人类活动的冲击,美景“令人赞叹不已”。这里保存着完整的藏羚羊在三江源和可可西里间的迁徙路线,藏羚羊可以不受干扰地迁徙。

青海省人民政府副省长韩建华:可可西里是全世界受人类影响最小的区域之一,也是藏羚羊、野牦牛等珍稀野生动物的重要的栖息地,也是世界上自然景观最为典型,保存最为完整的地区。那么今天的成功意味着一种责任,成功以后可以说我们带来一种新的标准、新的机遇、新的责任。我们将严格按照《保护世界文化和自然遗产公约》的有关要求,像爱护我们的眼睛一样,像呵护我们的皮肤一样,保护好我们的遗产地的生态环境。

厦门鼓浪屿。也许,每一个人眼中的鼓浪屿,都有不一样的美。图片来源:视觉中国

【文化遗产】中国:鼓浪屿:历史国际社区Kulangsu: A historic international settlement, China

鼓浪屿国际历史社区位于福建省厦门市,包括51组代表性历史建筑及宅院、4组历史道路、7处代表性自然景观与2处代表性文化遗迹,共同构成了鼓浪屿自然有机的空间结构和内涵丰富的城市历史景观要素。鼓浪屿体现了不同建筑风格的杂糅:传统的闽南样式、西方经典复兴风格和殖民时期的外廊风格。最有特色的是新型厦门装饰风格,为20世纪早期现代风格与装饰艺术交融的产物。

鼓浪屿于2008年启动申报世界文化遗产工作,2012年被列入《中国世界文化遗产预备名录》,2016年1月正式成为我国2017年世界文化遗产申报项目。

申遗成功的可可西里和鼓浪屿,它们的自然魅力与文化价值在申遗过程中大放光彩,申遗成功后游客数量也迎来增长。与此同时,国内舆论并非只有以往欢欣鼓舞的庆贺,而是出现了很多冷静的声音。国家旅游局旅游规划专家、北京第二外国语学院教授王兴斌表示,不能只关注鼓浪屿在申遗成功后带来的旅游价值和利益,而必须正视如何保护好鼓浪屿一系列历史老建筑的问题,过度开发一方面会造成环境的破坏,另一方面也会影响鼓浪屿旅游的舒适度和体验度,未来鼓浪屿可以学习故宫网上预售门票的方式,对鼓浪屿进行精细化和智能化的管理。

The deliberations of the forty-first World Heritage Conference on the 34 nominated sites ended in a total of 25 heritage sites listed on the latest World Heritage list, including 5 natural heritage sites and 20 cultural heritage sites. So far, the total number of World Heritage included in the world heritage list has reached 1077, of which 208 are natural heritage, 834 are cultural heritage, and the other is mixed heritage 35. Italy ranks first among 53 world heritage sites, with China ranked second in 52 place. In this year’s World Heritage conference new list, China’s Hoh Xil and Gulangyu Islet have joined them, after the successful declaration, the number of tourists in both places will also usher in growth. For travel enthusiasts, Gulangyu Islet has been a well-known tourist attractions in China, the popularity of high, while the Hoh Xil by the northwest heat rise of tourism, has also been sought after by many tourists. In August 12, 2009, Qinghai Province, the Hoh Xil reserve Kiang in grassland foraging. Photograph: visual China [natural heritage] China: Qinghai, Hoh Xil, Qinghai, Hoh, Xil, China Qinghai Hoh Xil National Nature Reserve is located in the Western Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Qinghai province in Yushu Province, with a total area of 4 million 500 thousand hectares. In the early twenty-first Century, the original ecological environment in the world was well preserved as a natural reserve. It was also one of the largest nature reserves with the highest altitude and the most abundant wildlife resources in china. It is also known as the "no man’s land", with an average elevation of about 5000m. The climate is dry and cold, with severe hypoxia and lack of fresh water. The environment is dangerous and daunting. It is also called the forbidden zone of life". Qinghai Hoh Xil National Nature Reserve is mainly to protect the Tibetan antelope, wild yak, Tibetan gazelle, Tibetan wild ass, rare wild animal, plants and their habitats. In November 2014, Qinghai declared the world natural heritage work started. In July 7, 2017, the world heritage committee member representatives deliberated that Qinghai province HOHXIL with its outstanding value, with a world heritage seventh "natural phenomena or incomparable natural beauty or aesthetic value" and the tenth "biodiversity and endangered species" standards, agreed to be included in the world heritage. At this point, the Qinghai Tibet Plateau first, China’s twelfth World Natural Heritage flower Qinghai. The evaluation report of the IUCN, Kekexili boundless, there is almost no modern human activities impact, "beauty is greatly". Here is a complete preservation of the Tibetan antelope in Sanjiang between the source and the HOHXIL Tibetan antelope migration routes, can not interfere with migration. Vice governor of Qinghai province Han Jianhua: Kekexili is the world one of the smallest area of human influence, is the Tibetan antelope, wild yak and other rare wild animal’s important habitats, but also the world’s natural landscape is the most typical, the most complete preservation area. So today’s success means a sense of responsibility. After success, we can say that we bring a new standard, new opportunities and new responsibilities. We will strictly follow the relevant requirements of the Convention on the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, like the protection of our eyes, like the protection of our skin, to protect the ecological environment of our heritage sites. Xiamen Gulangyu Islet. Perhaps, everyone in the eyes of Gulangyu Islet, there is a different beauty. Photograph: visual China [heritage] China: Gulangyu Islet: historic international community, Kulangsu:, A, historic, international, settlement, China Gulangyu Islet international historical community located in Fujian Province, Xiamen City, including 51 groups of representative historical buildings and houses, 4 sets of historical roads, 7 representative natural landscape and 2 representative cultural relics, together constitute the Gulangyu Islet natural organic space structure and rich connotation of the history of the city landscape. Gulangyu Islet embodies the different architectural styles: traditional Taiwanese style, blending western classical revival style and colonial style veranda. The most distinctive is the new Xiamen decorative style, for the early twentieth Century modern style and decorative arts blend products. Gulangyu Islet started to declare the world cultural heritage in 2008, and was listed in the "China World Heritage List" in 2012. It became the world cultural heritage declaration project in January 2016 in 2017.   The successful declaration of Hoh Xil and Gulangyu Islet, their natural charm and cultural values in the process of publication of the great glory, inscription successful, the number of tourists also ushered in growth. At the same time, domestic public opinion is not the only celebratory celebration, but a lot of cool voices. National Tourism Bureau tourism planning experts, Beijing International Studies University professor Wang Xingbin said, not only concerned about the Gulangyu Islet in the inscription after the success of the tourism value and interest, and how to protect the Gulangyu Islet must face a series of historical buildings, over exploitation of one side will cause damage to the environment, on the other hand will also affect the comfort of Gulangyu Islet tourism and the experience of the future, Gulangyu Islet can learn the Imperial Palace online pre-sale tickets way, fine and intelligent management of Gulangyu Islet.相关的主题文章: